Brasilia, Brazil

Brasilia is the capital of the federative Republic of Brazil and the seat of Government of the federal District, fourth most populous city in Brazil. Its construction dates from the 1960s and was born through the project to create a new capital inland to better distribute the wealth and population, largely concentrated on the sides, and put an end to the rivalry between Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. She became one of the capitals most recently built in the world but also one of the cities more quickly built (2000 days), under the guidance of visionary President Juscelino Kubitschek, architect Oscar Niemeyer, urban planner Lucio Costa and architect Roberto Burle Marx. View from the sky, Brasilia design evokes the shape of a plane (or of a hummingbird), with each of its strategically arranged architectural wonders and its residential and commercial blocks. Administrations and major state agencies leave Rio de Janeiro to settle in the new capital. The move was not easy because some officials refused their mutation. Brazil had even threaten some states of a rupture of diplomatic relations if they didn’t move their embassies. The ideal plan was to accommodate 500,000 people but today there are just over two and a half million inhabitants. They also built satellite towns and it is inhabiting the vast majority of the population. The city is bordered by the Paranoá Lake, which is water artificially created together with Brasilia. Masterpiece of modern architecture, Brasilia was declared world heritage of humanity by UNESCO. The residential areas are functional and self-sufficient with shopping malls, schools and parks nearby. To see: the Cathedral, the National Congress, the square of the three powers, the Memorial JF, Dom Bosco sanctuary, among others.

Tips

The city can be visited by car or bus because it is large enough. You must make sure to book your hotel in advance because half of room is already occupied by people who work in the Government or who have to do with him.
One of the most popular attractions is Lake Paranoá and its activities: surfing, kitesurfing, kayaking, etc. You can also make ideal swimming for warm, dry days. Another option to refresh is visiting the National Park with its two swimming pools and plenty of green space to walk (30 km) and enjoy to see the typical vegetation of the region with beautiful flowers and hear the birds; the park is home to a number of threatened species, including deer, Anteaters, the giant Armadillo and maned wolves. nice place to relax. You can go by bus.
If you visit the Don Bosco sanctuary, you can also take advantage of the small nearby on lake beaches or green areas for a picnic.
If you want to have a beautiful view of the city visit the television tower, which has a terrace of observation at 75 metres.
The surroundings of the capital are also to explore and if you stay several days there, you can visit the waterfall of Itiquira (about 100 km), 168 metres high, it is the second largest in Brazil. Sites are protected from development and therefore offer outstanding natural beauty.

Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina

Ushuaia (founded in 1884) is the capital of the southernmost Argentinian province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands; south of the Great Island of Tierra del Fuego, near the Beagle Channel, the city is considered the southernmost of the world. There is a deep water port that is closest to Antarctica and is surrounded by the Martial and Olivia Mountains and valleys. Its climate is subpolar oceanic comparable to that of Reykjavik, Iceland. The weather is often cloudy and misty and snowfall is common and can occur at any time of year as the temperatures remain always around 0 ° C but is also exposed to prevailing winds west, the westerlies which bring softness and moisture throughout the year. The williwaws, sudden and violent winds, are often a hazard to navigation. During most of the first half of the twentieth century, the city developed around a prison for especially dangerous criminals; their main activities were cut timber on land surrounding the prison and build the city. Today, almost the entire economy of Ushuaia is related to tourism in a direct and indirect way. To visit or see: Tierra del Fuego National Park (where you will see Lapataia Bay and the border with Chile); the museum’s southernmost of the world (ethnographic and historical heritage of the province); the southernmost lighthouse of the world (famous for the novel by Jules Verne); among others.

Tips

There’s a variety of hotel facilities, from the hostel to the five-star one even as campsites.
Several activities invite the visitor to discover this part of the world; you can take a boat or ship to go to the Beagle Channel to see cormorants, Magellanic penguins and sea lions on the surrounding islands. The ideal is to take a few days to see the glaciers also, Cape Horn, the Cordillera, etc. Yachts and charter ships make the crossing to the Falkland Islands and Antarctica.
From June to September (winter), the city is also a trail ski resort and known worldwide for its quality background snow.
You can also go fishing, horseback riding, trekking, fly over the area by small plane or simply walk to discover the place and its nature.

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Iguazú Falls, Argentina

The Iguazú Falls, located in the middle of the rainforest, on the border between Argentina and Brazil, very close to the junction with Paraguay, is a UNESCO World Heritage natural wonder. In Guaraní, Iguazú means ‘great waters’. They are 17km north of Port Iguazú and 1350km from Buenos Aires. There is a national park on the Argentine side and another park on the Brazilian side. It is a set of 275 waterfalls of about 3 km, the best known is ‘The Garganta del diablo’ (Devil’s Throat) which is U-shaped and 700 meters long, 150m wide and 82 m high. The set of cascades pours up to 6 million liters of water per second. The majority of the falls are on the Argentine side and there are several tours that allow us to approach up to a few meters from the falls. The circuits were built in the middle of the forest and below the branches of the river (Paranà river whose Iguazú river is a tributary). A train takes you to different points of visit. In the parks there are over 2000 floral species, 400 bird species, and a wide variety of mammals, reptiles and insects. Many filmmakers from around the world have chosen this wonderful place to shoot their films.

Tips

It is a great place to visit in a long weekend but if you can not take several days, at least dedicated 2 full days to the falls to have the opportunity to visit both sides, it’s worth it! The bigger park is in Argentina since the falls are almost all in Argentina but the vision you can have of the whole Brazilian side is simply breathtaking.

Do not miss the boat trip to get even closer to the falls. Of course you are going to get wet but it is a beautiful feeling and the sound of the falls is sometimes deafening. You will not regret for a second this experience.

If you are allergic to insects, wear a long-sleeved shirt and pants but a cool fabric because it is almost always warm and it is quite humid. It’s best to wear sport shoes to better walk the circuits and not to slide in wet places.

It is not recommended to feed the animals. One of them; the coati, who is quite accustomed to the tourist and always approaches knowing that people always tend to give them something. Try not to change their natural habitat.