Costa Rica is a unitary constitutional republic in Central America with a presidential system. Most of its territory is located on the isthmus connecting South America to North America with the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. San Jose is the capital. The country has 1290 km of coastline and also has a small piece of land without inhabitants; Cocos Island, 550 kilometers southwest of the western coast. There are several active and extinct volcanoes. Being the Poas, Irazú and Arenal, the most visited. Puerto Limon on the Caribbean coast, is the largest port in the country. The Pacific coast is the most open to tourism with many beaches like Tamarindo, Puntarenas, Quepos among others. Its flora and fauna are exceptional, there are 6% of the world’s biodiversity; more than 25% of the territory is occupied by national parks and reserves. Thanks to abundant rainfall during the rainy season, the country is watered thousand waterfalls. The roads are viable in general, but often in poor condition due to lack of financial resources to maintain or build.
You can visit the country by bus or what is the most practical, by a rental car, but before you venture, make sure you have the necessary maps or directions to your destination because signaling is not good. Bring water, protection against insects, sun protection, juice or fruit, comfortable shoes, sunglasses and preferably keep your arms and legs covered to avoid bites.
The climate of Costa Rica is characterized by a dry season (December to April) and a rainy season (April to November).