Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, La Plata, Argentina – 1st Part

The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception is the main Catholic church in the city of La Plata, Argentina; at 14th street between Avenues 51th and 53th, facing immense Square Moreno, the geographical center of the city. Projected in 1880 under the direction of the engineer Pedro Benoit. They were inspired by the cathedrals of Amiens (France) and Colonia (Germany) and has a neo-gothic style, inaugurated in 1932 but his two giant front towers, 117 meters high, were completed in 1999. At the end of 1994, it was considered part of the ten largest cathedrals in the world and because of this, its name was inscribed in Saint Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican. Outside the cathedral is 120 m long and 76 m maximum width. The towers of the facade (north-east) have a first floor brick that goes from the ground to the height of 63 meters. The second level is 20 meters high and is built white false stone. The third, 30 meters high, is made of copper. Added to this there are four towers of 56 meters each, one at each corner of the crossing. Above this cross is arranged the lantern tower, 97 meters high, and the bells are in the big tower in the right panel. There are 56 statues on the front and on the two main towers. The largest is dedicated to the Immaculate Conception, on which the cathedral itself is dedicated. The window of the rosette has 180 square meters. It also counts with 800 pinnacles, including 761 major needles, part of various decorations, located across the outside of the building.

Tips

You can take the elevator that is on one of the towers to visit and enjoy the beautiful view of the city of La Plata.
After visiting the Cathedral, it is worth walking around to know the city.

Video by Primashock Aerial

 

Cathedral of St. James of Compostela, Spain

The cathedral of St. James of Compostela, dedicated to the Apostle James of Zebedee (saint patron and protector of Spain) is a cathedral located in the historical center of the city of St. James of Compostela, purpose of one of the great pilgrimages of medieval Europe; initiatory way in which people followed the wake of the Milky Way. At the beginning of the ninth century, Alfonso II had built the first church; in 899, Alfonso III replaced it for a greater pre-Romanesque church. The present cathedral is a Romanesque building built in granite, which work began in 1075 and was finished in 1211. It is dedicated to the relics and pilgrimages. The two towers of the western façade (Baroque churrigueresque) are from the Middle Ages and its monumental staircase of 1606. Its chapels form a museum of paintings, sculptures, reliquaries and altar pieces accumulated over the centuries. The cathedral has a plan of three naves, a large transept with aisles and stands and a sanctuary with ambulatory surrounded by a ring of chapels. The original plan had additions of the Renaissance and Baroque. A sumptuous statue of St. James is in the main altar; the crypt is below with the remains of St. James and his disciples, St. Theodore and St. Athanasius. The ambulatory, the beautiful gates, the vault of the Chapel of Mondragón, the Renaissance door of the sacristy and the cloister are the most outstanding items. Above the transept of the cathedral stands a lantern tower from whose summit is hung by steel cables a brass censer of 54 kilos which is used in special ceremonies as in Compostelan years. The treasure is housed in a Gothic chapel in the south transept of the cathedral; it has a tympanum representing the equestrian figure of the Apostle (XIII century). The King of France, Charles V had made a very important gift for it to be celebrated daily a mass for the prosperity of France, so the San Salvador chapel is also known as the Chapel of the King of France; this is where the pilgrims after confessed, received the Compostela; certificate of pilgrimage.

 
Tips

Pilgrims can go to kiss the holy mantle by a staircase behind the altar.
You can also visit the library which displays the censers and tapestries (it’s part of the cathedral museum), even as the pieces found in the excavations .
The archives of the cathedral has a copy of the Codex Calixtinus (set of texts dated around 1140); in the texts you can find practical advice for pilgrims.

St. Francis Xavier Mission, Kahnawake, Quebec, Canada

In 1667 the St. Francis Xavier Mission was established in La Prairie, 15km from Kahnawake today. The church has magnificent ceiling paintings depicting New Testament scenes and the Catholic tradition, among them, the apotheosis of St Francis Xavier, the author being a painter and Italian glassmaker; Guido Nincheri; dating from 1924 to 1928. King Charles X of France gave two paintings to the mission, the one of the Immaculate Conception and the one of St. Louis, King of France in prayer. There is also another large painting of St Francis Xavier dying, dating back to the early 19th century. The large crucifix hanging was a gift from the residents of Kahnawake in honor to the thirty-five of their number who died in late August 1907 during the collapse of a span of the Quebec Bridge under construction and the statue in wood of the Child Jesus in the world comes from the workshops of the Ursuline Sisters of Quebec (1671-1700). The statue of Kateri is the work of Médard Bourgault of St-Jean-Port-Joli (1941), her tomb is in marble. Kateri was declared venerable in 1943 and blessed in 1980 by Pope John Paul II. There are also other important works.

Tips

Enjoy your visit and see the small museum and discover manuscripts and indigenous ethnic objects as other interesting items.
You can also see the old rectory of origin (1720) and take a walk on the bridge along the old wall of Fort St. Louis (1725), you will have a magnificent view of the St. Lawrence and all Mission complex viewed from the rear.