Folia de Reis, Andradina, São Paulo, Brazil

Andradina is a municipality located in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is located in the region of Araçatuba and Andradina. The Cultural Centre pioneers of Andradina: better known as the old station, is undoubtedly the Andradina postcard. The commune has a theatre (external), circumflex, where there has already been a scene of festivals, concerts, musicals, dances. The natural beauty can be seen in the woods and fields all around.
A tradition is maintained there. Of Portuguese origin, the sources say that the tradition came to Brazil in the 18th century. In the period from December 24th , Christmas Eve, until January 6th , the Epiphany, a group of singers and musicians roam the city singing verses about the visit of the magicians kings to the child Jesus. Ranging from door to door looking for offers, especially to collect food, animals, for the realization of the Saints Kings. The ‘Folia de Reis’ (madness of Kings), inherited from developed and Portuguese settlers in Brazil with its own characteristics; expressions preserved from generation to generation; it is a Catholic holiday that celebrates the three magicians kings. Homes visit, which lasts from the end of December until the day of the Kings, is made by organized groups, which many are motivated by social and philanthropic purposes. Properly dressed with costumes and instruments, approaches to magicians and other characters through music, dance and poetry, people who belong, enchant the population. In some cities, it is possible to admire a wonderful Nativity life-size. In addition to the musicians and singers, the group often also consists of dancers, clowns and other folk figures properly characterized according to local legends and traditions. All are organized under the direction of the master of the Kings and follow in the footsteps of the flag, performance of traditional rituals of beauty and cultural richness with veneration. In addition to this part, you could not miss the stalls of food, drinks and games, which sets the tone of the profane.

Tips

If you want to spend the holidays in the period of the ‘Folia de Reis’, it is better to make an appointment with any hotel or with owners of houses to rent for not you find without any place to stay.
This time of year is extremely hot; do not forget to take with you sunscreen and fresh clothes.

‘The age of anxiety’, exhibition, Capitoline Museums, Rome

The exhibition ‘the age of anxiety’, fourth round of the ‘Days of Rome”, wants to offer the opportunity to illustrate the major changes that have marked the era between the reign of Commodus (180-192 ac) and that of Diocletian (284-305 ac).
The exhibition focuses on the profound changes that have marked the 3rd century ac., century traditionally considered ‘crisis’ of the Empire, but containing some of the most fruitful buds actually intended to change forever the next era and to open the doors to late ancient society. The title of the exhibition is inspired by a work of Eric Dodds, entitled “the pagans and christians in an age of anxiety”, published in 1965, dedicated specifically to the 3rd century a.c. Dodds was a friend of the Anglo-American poet W.H. Auden, who had published the age of anxiety in ‘ 47, poem able to highlight the void of existence during the period of the second world, characterized the conversion or return to Christianity and the willingness to adhere to a religious belief of a ‘leap of faith ‘. The exhibition tells the religious and spiritual crisis generalized that in a climate of generalized anxiety has led to an abandonment of traditional religions and more massive adherence to the worship of the gods of the East: Isis, Cybele and Mithras, Sabazio. In addition to them, of course, Christ. Anxiety derived from some concrete problems and materials: civil wars, financial and economic crisis, famine, epidemics and perennial pressure of the barbarians on the frontiers. The hope of a secure future was so widespread and urgent to feed those which ancient historians call an expectation of security. relating mainly to the figure of the Emperor, in theory, the guarantor of justice, the military security of the Empire and also the supreme religious authority. The collapse of the social and economic benchmarks have always had as main effect the daily life of the people, who so quickly and gradually, face the anguish of the real. Among the most significant works of this era are included the ‘colossal portrait of Probus’ or ‘bust of Decius’ of the Capitoline Museums, the extraordinary «statue in bronze of Trebonianus Gallus» from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the statues of individuals like the philosophers of the Villa of Dionysos at Dion; the three statues male at full length, beautiful, dating from the 17th century which are housed in the Casino del Bel Respiro della Villa Doria Pamphilj in Rome (statue of “Toga”, statue of “Hunter” and statue of “nudity”). In private portraits continues the fashion of portraits of individuals or the emperors in ideal bodies, referring to female as Venus, Demeter, Fortuna, as in “statue of Omphale” deities or heroes such as Hercules, which allow an improvement of clear quality and the exploits of the victim by the assimilation of their heroic virtues: see the “bust of Commodus as Hercules” or “the statue private as March”. Exposed for the first time together, works of extraordinary artistic level, amounted to about two hundred. Imposing statues in marble and bronze, life-size, in some case of colossal size, busts and portraits, marble reliefs, sarcophagi, urns, decorations in mosaics and murals, as well as of the precious silverware table, architectural elements and altars, allowing you to enjoy the taste of an era full of reflect on the formal evolution and the figurative themes presented by objects decorating urban spaces and private ones (houses and tombs).

Tips

The exhibition takes place from January 28th to October 4th 2015 in the Capitoline Museums, from Tuesday to Sunday; Piazza del Campidoglio 1-00186 Rome.
Open from 9:00 to 20:00; the ticket office closes one hour before and it is closed on Mondays.
You can make a visit with audio guide that you can find in different languages.

Red light district, Amsterdam – Netherlands

The famous Red Light District extends between Warmoesstraat, Oudezijds Voorburgwal and Oudezijds Achterburwal and perpendicular streets. It is here that behind each showcase with a red neon, day and night prostitutes wait for their customers. They are forbidden to show them nude, then they hide the minimum. Apart from that, the area is full of pubs where beer flows afloat like sex shops, including the famous Condomerie and the Museum of sex. The atmosphere is surreal because tourists of all ages and from everywhere don’t seem to really take the place seriously. We could think they believed they’re in a sexual amusement park where every night lots of buses of tourism take them there.
The district is one of the oldest in Amsterdam.

Tips

Note that it is forbidden to take a picture of the prostitutes behind the windows.
Do not miss to admire the facades of the 14th century, canals and charming alleys. It is also here that is found the oldest church in Amsterdam.
Don’t miss a visit to the Museum of Amstelkring, hiding in his attic you could find the last clandestine Church of Amsterdam.