The history of samba in the interior of São Paulo, Brasil

For a long time, the samba’s roots have remained highly rural, it was called ‘samba de roda’, ‘ samba de bumbo’, ‘samba de lenço’ or even ‘samba rural’, according to the intellectuals who have studied it in the 1930s. People just called it ‘batuque’. At the beginning, in the said province of São Paulo, it was structured and strengthened in large farms where blacks were taken as slaves to plant first sugarcane and then in increasingly large number, to develop the profitable cultivation of coffee. There it was danced in the districts of slaves and on the terraces, to the sound of the large ‘bumboes’ dug out on fire of trunks of huge trees. Samba has begun to win urban territory taking its place in the cities of the interior of São Paulo, in secular religious celebrations. It was this samba of rural origin (which flourished in many inland cities like in one of them, President Epitácio) and the samba wins therefore a characteristic of integration because the characters through music and dance, these new Brazilian, also poor and immigrants, found their place in the economic field, but also in the cultural space and leisure of the cities that were growing. Today, the current tourist town of President Epitácio is on the border of the State of São Paulo, with Mato Grosso do Sul, one of the best destinations to enjoy the ‘ Folia de rua’ (street madness). The Carnival of the city is considered to be one of the top events in the State of São Paulo.


Staying in the West of the state, the municipality offers a pleasant and conducive climate to enjoy the Carnival.
It is advisable to make the reservation for your stay there for being sure you’ll have your place for the event.

‘The age of anxiety’, exhibition, Capitoline Museums, Rome

The exhibition ‘the age of anxiety’, fourth round of the ‘Days of Rome”, wants to offer the opportunity to illustrate the major changes that have marked the era between the reign of Commodus (180-192 ac) and that of Diocletian (284-305 ac).
The exhibition focuses on the profound changes that have marked the 3rd century ac., century traditionally considered ‘crisis’ of the Empire, but containing some of the most fruitful buds actually intended to change forever the next era and to open the doors to late ancient society. The title of the exhibition is inspired by a work of Eric Dodds, entitled “the pagans and christians in an age of anxiety”, published in 1965, dedicated specifically to the 3rd century a.c. Dodds was a friend of the Anglo-American poet W.H. Auden, who had published the age of anxiety in ‘ 47, poem able to highlight the void of existence during the period of the second world, characterized the conversion or return to Christianity and the willingness to adhere to a religious belief of a ‘leap of faith ‘. The exhibition tells the religious and spiritual crisis generalized that in a climate of generalized anxiety has led to an abandonment of traditional religions and more massive adherence to the worship of the gods of the East: Isis, Cybele and Mithras, Sabazio. In addition to them, of course, Christ. Anxiety derived from some concrete problems and materials: civil wars, financial and economic crisis, famine, epidemics and perennial pressure of the barbarians on the frontiers. The hope of a secure future was so widespread and urgent to feed those which ancient historians call an expectation of security. relating mainly to the figure of the Emperor, in theory, the guarantor of justice, the military security of the Empire and also the supreme religious authority. The collapse of the social and economic benchmarks have always had as main effect the daily life of the people, who so quickly and gradually, face the anguish of the real. Among the most significant works of this era are included the ‘colossal portrait of Probus’ or ‘bust of Decius’ of the Capitoline Museums, the extraordinary «statue in bronze of Trebonianus Gallus» from the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the statues of individuals like the philosophers of the Villa of Dionysos at Dion; the three statues male at full length, beautiful, dating from the 17th century which are housed in the Casino del Bel Respiro della Villa Doria Pamphilj in Rome (statue of “Toga”, statue of “Hunter” and statue of “nudity”). In private portraits continues the fashion of portraits of individuals or the emperors in ideal bodies, referring to female as Venus, Demeter, Fortuna, as in “statue of Omphale” deities or heroes such as Hercules, which allow an improvement of clear quality and the exploits of the victim by the assimilation of their heroic virtues: see the “bust of Commodus as Hercules” or “the statue private as March”. Exposed for the first time together, works of extraordinary artistic level, amounted to about two hundred. Imposing statues in marble and bronze, life-size, in some case of colossal size, busts and portraits, marble reliefs, sarcophagi, urns, decorations in mosaics and murals, as well as of the precious silverware table, architectural elements and altars, allowing you to enjoy the taste of an era full of reflect on the formal evolution and the figurative themes presented by objects decorating urban spaces and private ones (houses and tombs).


The exhibition takes place from January 28th to October 4th 2015 in the Capitoline Museums, from Tuesday to Sunday; Piazza del Campidoglio 1-00186 Rome.
Open from 9:00 to 20:00; the ticket office closes one hour before and it is closed on Mondays.
You can make a visit with audio guide that you can find in different languages.

Red light district, Amsterdam – Netherlands

The famous Red Light District extends between Warmoesstraat, Oudezijds Voorburgwal and Oudezijds Achterburwal and perpendicular streets. It is here that behind each showcase with a red neon, day and night prostitutes wait for their customers. They are forbidden to show them nude, then they hide the minimum. Apart from that, the area is full of pubs where beer flows afloat like sex shops, including the famous Condomerie and the Museum of sex. The atmosphere is surreal because tourists of all ages and from everywhere don’t seem to really take the place seriously. We could think they believed they’re in a sexual amusement park where every night lots of buses of tourism take them there.
The district is one of the oldest in Amsterdam.


Note that it is forbidden to take a picture of the prostitutes behind the windows.
Do not miss to admire the facades of the 14th century, canals and charming alleys. It is also here that is found the oldest church in Amsterdam.
Don’t miss a visit to the Museum of Amstelkring, hiding in his attic you could find the last clandestine Church of Amsterdam.